Bauman Z. (1998) Globalization: the Human Consequences. Oxford: Polity.
Space wars chapter:
“No wonder that the legibility of space, its transparency, has turned into one of the major stakes in the modern state’s battle for sovereignty of its powers. In order to gain legislative, regulatory control over the patterns of social interaction and loyalties – the state had to gain control over the transparency of the setting…” pg30
“The manipulation of uncertainty is the essence and the primary stake in the struggle for power and influence inside every structured totality…” pg34
“opaque space” pg 49 – the desert is a kind of opaque space because of the difficulty in navigating, surveying and knowing it. This is mirrored in the networks of the migrants – an opaque structure that the powers want to unravel/reveal?
The database is a superpanopticon.
The synopticon – the many watch the few (reverse of pan) “In the Synopticon, locals watch the globals.” Pg53